Very Cool Sculpture

This new sculpture in Sacramento really captures summer, story from City Express.

An excerpt.

“The North Natomas Aquatics Complex, which recently opened to the public, features a 50-meter Olympic-sized pool, a 25-yard recreational pool, zero-depth entry splash pool, multiple waterslides and a community center with capacity for 350 people.

“With a complex this large, it’s important to have that perfect spot to meet up with friends and family. Local artist Terrence Martin accomplished that with the new 15-foot flip-flop-inspired sculpture dubbed “Between the Toes.”

“The sculpture highlights the quintessential summer experience,” said Martin, who is a former lifeguard. “It’s fun, playful, and it’s big enough to make a splash.”

Featuring the ideal footwear for a swimming excursion — flip flops — “Between the Toes” can be seen from the pools and community center, so it serves as a landmark where people easily meet up with friends, Martin said.

“The sculpture is made of stainless steel, and the shoe bed features recycled glass rocks and LED lighting. Each sandal weighs approximately 2,000 pounds.

“The flip flops colors mimic the pool water, and the LED lights compliment the color of the illuminated pool water at night.

“I love the flip-flop art piece at the new aquatic facility,” said Vice Mayor Angelique Ashby, who represents the district. “It’s fun and lighthearted. It’s art that brings joy, while also creating a clear sense of place. Everyone can relate to grabbing their flip flops…and everyone is welcome at the pool.”

“The sculpture was commissioned by the Office of Arts + Culture and funded through the City’s Arts in Public Places ordinance which puts 2% of eligible construction costs towards funds to be spent on public art.”

For the rest, New 15-foot sculpture at North Natomas Aquatics Complex captures ‘quintessential summer experience’ – City Express (sacramentocityexpress.com)

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Clean Air & Hurricanes

A new study, reported by Epoch Times, shows a connection, very surprising but logical.

An excerpt.

“A new study suggests that the successful efforts in North America and Europe to reduce air pollution have led to an unintended consequence—more hurricanes.

“The “surprising result” was found by Hiroyuki Murakami, a physical scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). In his paper, published in the journal Science Advances, Murakami said he studied hurricane trends in the northern hemisphere over the past 40 years and discovered a connection between the number of hurricanes and the amount of air pollution in the form of tiny particles called aerosols.

“Almost 90 percent of aerosols released into the air have natural origins like volcanoes and forest fires, while the remaining 10 percent come from human activities, such as manufacturing cement and burning coals. The NOAA study examines data from two periods: 1980 to 2000 and 2001 to 2020, during which North America and Europe significantly cut down their output of human-caused aerosols.

“According to the study, a 50 percent decrease in human-caused aerosol pollution from 1980 to 2020 has contributed to a 33 percent increase in storm formations in Atlantic Ocean. The idea is that when there are fewer pollution particles to reflect the sun’s energy back into space, water will get warmer and act as fuel for hurricanes.

“Without significant amounts of particulate pollution to reflect sunlight, the ocean absorbs more heat and warms faster,” NOAA said in a May 11 press release. “A warming Atlantic Ocean has been a key ingredient to a 33 percent increase in the number of tropical cyclones during this 40 year period.”

“Murakami also found that as Asian air became dirtier, the area also experienced fewer typhoons. “In this case, a 40 percent increase in the concentration of particulate air pollution has been one of several factors that has contributed to a 14 percent decrease,” he said.

“This study indicates that decreasing air pollution leads to an increased risk of tropical cyclones, which is happening in the North Atlantic, and could also happen, if air pollution is rapidly reduced, in Asia,” said Murakami. “The ironic result suggests the necessity of careful policy decision-making in the future that considers the pros and cons of the multiple impacts.”

“The study comes as the United States braces for the official start of the 2022 Atlantic hurricane season, which runs from June 1 to Nov. 30. The National Hurricane Center, an agency within NOAA, begins its daily tropical outlook forecasts this Sunday.”

To read the rest, Cleaner Air Leads to More Atlantic Hurricanes, NOAA Study Finds (theepochtimes.com)

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Salmon, Back to the Mountains

An article with wonderful news, from Good New Network., and for Part 3 of the Abundance Choice series on California Water policy, https://californiaglobe.com/articles/the-abundance-choice-part-3/

An excerpt from the salmon article.

“The historic reintroduction of Chinook salmon into a California creek this spring will help secure another generation of this iconic species.

“State and federal biologists have been busy moving endangered adult winter-run Chinook salmon to the upper reaches of Battle Creek and threatened spring-run Chinook salmon to Clear Creek in Northern California, where colder water temperatures will better support spawning and help their eggs survive the continuing drought.

“Together the scientists will return about 300 adult winter-run Chinook salmon to native habitat above Eagle Canyon Dam on North Fork Battle Creek, about 20 miles east of Cottonwood, in Shasta/Tehama counties for the first time in more than 110 years.

“It is one of a series of urgent actions to help the native fish survive another year of the lasting drought, high temperatures, and other stressors.

“Agencies Join Forces

“Various agencies, including CDFW, USFWS, NOAA Fisheries, Bureau of Reclamation, the California Department of Water Resources, and water users are working closely with the Winnemem Wintu Tribe, whose culture is intertwined with salmon in the area.

“Actions to help the salmon population include managing releases of limited water stored in Shasta Reservoir into the Sacramento River, where additional spawning gravel has been placed, to improve the odds that the released water is cool enough to allow some Chinook salmon eggs in the river to survive.

“Scientists are also expanding production of juvenile winter-run Chinook salmon at Livingston Stone National Fish Hatchery operated by the USFWS at the base of Shasta Dam.

“Offspring produced at the hatchery in recent years have helped save the species as most of their eggs in the wild died. Juvenile fish will be released into the river in stages when conditions are more hospitable in the late fall and winter.”

For the rest, Chinook Salmon Introduced to Mountain Streams Not Inhabited for 100 Years (goodnewsnetwork.org)

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California Water Policy, Part Two

The second installment of this excellent series, from California Globe.

An excerpt.

“Perhaps the biggest example of misguided water policy in California are the escalating restrictions on indoor water consumption. As will be seen, the savings these restrictions amount to are trivial in the context of California’s total water consumption, yet are imposed at tremendous cost both in quality of life and in the required economic sacrifice. Despite alternatives that are objectively more cost-effective, California’s water policy continues to go down the path of rationing indoor water use.

“In 2018 the California Legislature enacted laws to restrict residential water consumption, in the form of Senate Bill 606 and Assembly Bill 1668. For urban water districts, the laws “establish a standard of 55 gallons per person per day until January 2025, and then to 50 gallons per person per day in 2030.”

“It is fair to point out that some of the more alarmist reactions to these mandates are unfounded. For example, the laws will only measure aggregate use within a water district, which means that how individual users are treated if they exceed the per person indoor water limits is left up to the local utilities. That’s hardly reassuring, but at least it leaves some wiggle room. On the other hand, it creates a powerful disincentive for water agencies to invest in developing an increased, more resilient water supply, because with aggregate maximums limiting how much water the agencies can sell, they’ll think twice before adding capacity. One of the dangerous consequences of this, yet again, is a system that is less equipped to withstand serious disruptions to supply.

“In any case, enforcing these mandates will not have a significant effect on overall water consumption in California, and the cost of implementing them does not make financial sense compared to other ways those funds could be invested.

“To estimate the statewide savings that could be achieved by imposing a 55 gallon per person limit on indoor water use, first consider the current statewide indoor water consumption as estimated by the California Department of Water Resources. This total has been fairly consistent over the past ten years at around 2.5 million acre feet per year. This yields somewhat surprising results. Based on a population of 40 million, as shown in the calculations on the chart, Californians are only using about 60 gallons of water per day, per person, indoors.”

To read the rest, The Abundance Choice, Part Two – California Globe

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California Water Policy

It has been mismanaged for decades and this excellent article from California Globe, reviews the failure.

An excerpt.

“In October, and then again in December 2021, as the third severe drought this century was entering its third year, not one but two atmospheric rivers struck California. Dumping torrents of rain with historic intensity, from just these two storm systems over 100 million acre feet of water poured out of the skies, into the rivers, and out to sea. Almost none of it was captured by reservoirs or diverted into aquifers. Since December, not one big storm has hit the state. After a completely dry winter, a few minor storms in April and May were too little too late. California’s reservoirs are at critical lows, allocations to farmers are in many cases down to zero, and urban water districts are tapping their last reserves. In some areas of Southern California, water agencies are now penalizing residential “water wasters” by coming onto their property and installing flow restrictors.

“Back in 2014, a supermajority of California voters, 67%, approved Proposition 1 to fund water storage projects. As of the spring of 2022 not one project has begun construction, eight years later. Meanwhile, in Southern California, a proposed desalination plant in Huntington Beach that could produce 60,000 acre feet per year of fresh water from the ocean has been held up by a mostly hostile bureaucracy and endless litigation for over twenty years. As you read this, the project faces another major hurdle – on May 12, the California Water Commission Board might defy the recommendation of their own staff and grant “final” approval. But their approval may come with so many conditions that in effect it will be another denial. Or the army of litigants that for years have opposed the plant will find yet another basis for a lawsuit.

“When it comes to water in California, there is a robust political consensus that something has to be done. There is agreement that multi-year droughts will leave Californians with inadequate water supplies; that once a drought enters its third or fourth year, the demands of the environment, agriculture, and urban water consumers are far in excess of what is deliverable. And that’s where we are today.

“Back in the summer of 2021, knowing there was broad agreement as to the problem, I began to canvas the state to build support for a ballot initiative that would fund water projects. I entered into this project with only a basic knowledge of water policy. My goal was to talk with as many experts as I possibly could in order to come up with a comprehensive solution that, if approved by voters, would end water scarcity in California forever. I had no idea what I was getting myself into.

“Water politics in California isn’t what it once was. The water infrastructure that transports water from mountainous northern watersheds to coastal cities mainly in the southern part of the state remains the biggest plumbing system in the world. The first major construction began over a century ago. To supply water to the burgeoning cities of Southern California, the Los Angeles Aqueduct was completed in 1913. The Hetch Hetchy dam and aqueduct, supplying water to the City of San Francisco, was completed in 1934.

“Major water projects in California were ongoing in the decades that followed. The Federal Bureau of Reclamation finished building the Shasta Dam in 1945, creating what remains the biggest reservoir in California. The famed California State Water Project, with its centerpiece the California Aqueduct, completed most of its big projects in the 1960s. These highlights barely begin to describe the scale of the investments that were made or the magnitude of the projects that were built.

“How California built a system of reservoirs and aqueducts that enables a mostly arid state to support a population of 40 million and some of the most productive farmland in the world is an epic story. A detailed accounting can be found in the classic book Cadillac Desert, written by Marc Reisner in 1986. An even more detailed and more recent source is The Great Thirst, written by Norris Hundley, Jr. in 2001. But the historic achievements of earlier generations of Californians to supply this new civilization with enough water to thrive have not been matched in recent years. California’s water infrastructure has been neglected. In the face of epic droughts and soaring demand, these days, the only answer California’s politicians have been able to agree on is water rationing.

“Such is the state of water politics today. There is universal recognition that there is a water supply crisis, but every solution that involves major new construction is hopelessly gridlocked. Around the state, incremental and inadequate steps are taken, but there is no statewide vision to solve the crisis. Water rationing, typically referred to using the less threatening term “conservation,” is the only solution. While some activist groups in California truly believe conservation is all that will ever be necessary, it is mostly imposed on Californians by default.

“The Basics of Water Supply and Demand in California

“After two big storms in the fall of 2021, on January 1, 2022 the San Jose Mercury published an article with an encouraging headline “California has topped last season’s rainfall. Will trend continue in 2022?” Quoting the National Weather Service, the article announced that the “massive October atmospheric river and wet December” delivered 33.9 trillion gallons of rain to the state. This exceeded the 33.6 trillion gallons that fell during the entire previous water year, from October 2020 through September of 2021.

“To express this amount in acre feet helps put this in perspective. 33.9 trillion gallons is 104 million acre feet. According to data compiled by the California Department of Water Resources, over the ten year period from 2011 through 2020, on average, 180 million acre feet of rain fell each year in California. The following table shows how that 180 million acre feet of water is used. Most of it either evaporates, percolates, or eventually makes its way to the ocean. But a significant amount is diverted for either urban, agricultural, or environmental use.

“For the years 2011 through 2015, the data on this chart comes from the 2018 update of the California Water Plan, prepared by the California Dept. of Water Resources. Data for 2016 and 2018 was compiled on request by engineers working for the Dept. of Water Resources; they are still working on the 2017 data. For these most recent seven years for which complete data is available, diversions for urban, agricultural and environmental purposes averaged 75.3 million acre feet per year.”

To read the rest, The Abundance Choice, Part One – California Globe

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Working From Home

New study shows how widespread (almost 50% of the workforce) it is, as this article from City Journal reports.

An excerpt.

“Analysts debate the proportion of employees that work remotely, but our latest research suggests that it amounts to roughly half of the U.S. workforce.

“In late 2020, we launched the Remote Life Survey through Gallup, collecting detailed information about respondents’ employment situation, demographics, and well-being. We found that in October 2020, 31.6 percent of the American workforce always worked from home, while 22.8 percent sometimes or rarely worked from home, for a total of 54.6 percent. These estimates are much higher than those provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Population Survey, whose data suggest that, during the same month, the proportion of remote workers was closer to 20 percent—a significant discrepancy. If the gap is accurate, and our figure is closer to the truth, then we might be underestimating the proportion of the remote workforce by more than 30 percentage points—meaning that the figure is closer to 50 percent, which lines up with Gallup’s numbers from this past February.

“We investigated some competing explanations for the contrasting estimates. Our primary insight is that the BLS data exclude employees who worked remotely pre-pandemic. If people who already worked remotely continue to do so—and many may have transitioned from a hybrid model to fully remote work—then the BLS measure might underestimate the incidence considerably. Further, by limiting respondents’ answers to either “yes” or “no,” the survey might overlook hybrid and indirect forms of remote work.

“Correctly estimating the proportion of remote workers is important for understanding the impact of labor-market policy. Some studies have found that hybrid work has a causal and positive effect on productivity and connectivity in the workplace. Remote work is no panacea for structural problems in organizations; it’s a margin for flexibility, not a tool for turning around broken incentives and processes. Corporate culture and the underlying feeling and mood in an organization still matter most.

“Still, the rise of remote work has taught us two things. First, federal and state policy should promote choice among employees—not mandates that discourage individual autonomy and bring no tangible public-health benefits. If we have learned anything about the workplace over the past two years, it is that employers and employees alike will adapt their protocols to comply with whatever new mandates governments impose. “But the additional time and effort required to adhere to increasingly complex restrictions is burdensome, especially to workers. Employees are more enthused about remote work than are employers, but a tight labor market might pressure firms to be more accommodating. Some workers say that they would be willing to quit their current jobs to find remote work, prompting some companies that had previously committed to in-person work to embrace a hybrid work structure. And some survey evidence suggests that employer plans and employee desires are now starting to converge. Mandates and regulations would only slow the necessary sorting.

“Second, localities—especially big cities—must realistically assess the value they provide residents. Over recent decades, superstar cities have benefited greatly from technological and economic conditions that fostered a dense population of knowledge workers. But remote work enables highly skilled people to work at profitable companies in specialized roles without having to pay the high housing costs or embark the on lengthy commutes that characterize many cities. Remote work is now contributing to population decline in large urban counties. Americans seem increasingly keen to leave big cities, and mayors must implement competitive policies to lure people back and retain those who have stayed, such as around arts and cultural amenities and better public schools.”

To read the rest, On Remote Work Policy, Choice Is Key | City Journal (city-journal.org)

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Owning a Home

It is so good on so many levels, as this article from New Geography reports.

An excerpt.

“The nation is witnessing a surge in interest and demand for individual homes around the country. Home inventory is now quite low and even with higher interest rates looming, demand remains high and bidding wars are still common. The rate of competition for new homes—measured as the number of listings that attract more than one competing bid— today is 65 percent and this up from a bit over thirty percent at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. And home prices rose 19.2 percent between March 2021 and March of 2022, leading average home prices to hit a record high.

Stories abound around the nation about scores of potential buyers lining up for hours to just see and eventually bid on homes. And while homeownership always presents a daunting logistical challenge, it also is increasingly expensive with prices up almost 20 percent in the past year, and may not be within reach for everyone.

“But just because houses are too expensive for too many, that does not mean home buying is itself not a good thing. Indeed there is mounting evidence that owning a home is cognitively good for homeowners and their families and also holds powerful civic spillover for society as a whole as well.

“The American National Family Life Survey, conducted by the Survey Center on American Life at the end of 2021, asked over 5,000 Americans about their outlook and relationships with their local communities. Homeowners repeatedly report not only being happier but also better connected and involved with their local neighborhoods as well.

“When Americans are queried about how satisfied they are with the quality of life in their local communities, differences between homeowners and renters become immediately apparent. Half (50 percent) of homeowners state that they are either completely or very satisfied in their communities and another 39 percent are somewhat satisfied, meaning that 89 percent of owners overall are satisfied with their local residential situation. In contrast, just over 3 in 10 (31 percent) of renters report being very or completely satisfied while 49 percent say they are somewhat satisfied.

“Beyond increased satisfaction with their local neighborhoods, homeownership is associated with cognitive and mental health benefits, as residential ownership often conveys a sense of stability, security, predictability, and rootedness. This is far less potent when someone rents: Forty-five percent of homeowners in the Family Life Survey report being very or completely satisfied with their personal health compared to just a third (34 percent) of renters. Moreover, almost half (47 percent) of all owners state that they are either hardly ever or never lonely or isolated from those around them while a notably lower number of renters – 33 percent – report rarely feeling disconnected. So, there is a non-trivial impact of being an owner compared to a renter on one’s sense of self and how connected they feel to others.

“When queried about the issue of upward mobility, there are potent differences between homeowners and renters as well. Homeowners are far more likely to agree with the statement “most people who want to get ahead can make it if they’re willing to work hard,” compared to the notion that “hard work and determination are no guarantee of success for most people.” Seventy percent of homeowners compared believe that hard work alone is enough to get ahead, compared to 60 percent of renters.

“In addition to appreciable differences in attitudes toward mobility, local engagement patterns also appreciably differ between homeowners and renters. For instance, Americans who own their homes are twice as likely as renters are to be members of a community group or neighborhood association. Almost a quarter (23 percent) of homeowners report being members of such groups, while just 1 in 10 (13 percent) renters report the same. Data on volunteering looks similar. About a third (32 percent) of homeowners report having volunteered for a school activity, local charity, or religious group at some point in the past 6 months while just under a quarter (23 percent) of renters say they have done the same; a significant difference. Finally, homeowners are more likely to engage in the local community than renters are. Forty-one percent of homeowners report having attended a social event in the community, such as a high school sporting contest, play, or local festival, in the past 6 months compared to a lower 33 percent of renters.

“These data show that owning a home does make one more deeply invested in one’s immediate community, which in turn improves one’s outlook and sense of connection to others. For years many in the real estate industry have argued that these benefits are real, we now have empirical proof that homeownership is clearly instrumental in not only building social capital but promoting engagement in the civil sphere as well. And this is all occurring as the nation emerges from a messy pandemic era of increased mobility and a significant changes in work routines and traditional offices are reconsidered with many Americans preferring to work from home.”

To read the rest, Why We Want Our Own Home | Newgeography.com

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Low Density Neighborhoods Best

That’s the results of surveys asking the public’s opinion, as this article from the Antiplanner reports.

An excerpt.

“Many surveys have found that the vast majority of Americans, including Millennials, prefer or aspire to live in single-family homes. But surveys rarely ask whether they prefer that single-family home to be in a low-density neighborhood or if they would mind living next to a bunch of apartment buildings.

“However, a polling firm called YouGov recently asked Americans whether they thought low-density neighborhoods were better than high-density ones. Specifically, they were asked whether low densities meant more or less congestion, more or less crime, and were better or worse for the environment. Planning advocates, of course, claim that high densities mean less congestion, are better for the environment, and have less crime because there are more “eyes on the street.”

“Those density advocates apparently haven’t been able to persuade most Americans that densities are better. According to the survey, 75 percent of Americans think that low densities are better for the environment, 60 percent think low-density neighborhoods are less congested, and 62 percent think they suffer less crime. I happen to agree with the majority on all three points, but whether you agree or not, it is clear that most Americans want to live, not just in single-family homes, but in low-density neighborhoods.

“The survey also asked another question: should people be free to buy land and develop it as they please or should the government limit where they can build things? A smaller majority, 55 percent, believed people should be free to develop real estate as they please. Does that mean they oppose single-family zoning? Or does it mean they oppose restrictions on rural development?

“Developers learned in the 1890s that Americans would more readily buy homes if the properties they bought, and their neighbors, were deed-restricted to have nothing more than single-family homes. Zoning was developed in the early 1900s to emulate deed restrictions in single-family neighborhoods that had been built before the widespread use of deed restrictions. This gave people confidence that their neighborhood densities would remain low and, as a result, urban homeownership rates increased by 150 percent by 1930.

“If zoning hadn’t been invented, all or nearly all single-family developments built since 1900 would have deed restrictions maintaining low densities. I don’t mind getting rid of zoning so long as residents can easily add deed restrictions to all of the homes in their neighborhoods. Houston allows this with a vote of 75 percent of homeowners in a neighborhood. But to abolish single-family zoning with the goal of densifying neighborhoods with apartment buildings betrays the interests and desires of the residents of those neighborhoods.”

To read the rest, Americans Prefer Single-Family Neighborhoods – The Antiplanner

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Suburbs Keep Growing

Based on the latest research, according to this article from New Geography; including great graphs and tables.

An excerpt.

“The latest City Sector Model analysis of major metropolitan areas shows that dispersion accelerated in 2020 during the period covered by the American community survey 2020 five- year survey (2016 to 2020). The American Community Survey collects a five year sample that covers virtually all geographies in the United States. The new 2016-2020 sample has an “middle year” of 2018.

“The City Sector Model

“The Demographia City Sector Model analysis is in its eighth year of publication. Improved data from the American Community Survey made it possible to separate demographic data based on life styles and functions within metropolitan areas in the early 2010s. Before that, nearly all urban, suburban and exurban analysis within metropolitan areas was based on municipal or county jurisdictions. The problem was, however, that nearly all new development since World War II had been lower density, principally single-family houses, while the automobile quickly replaced much of the commuting that had been previously been on transit or on foot.

“The Demographia City Sector Model classifies zip code residents based upon their population density and extent of automobile commuting into five geographical classifications, as indicated in Figure 5. The intent is to separate the pre-World War II city from the very different city that has developed in the intervening three-quarters of a century.

“The formerly monocentric city (metropolitan area), with a large share of workers commuting to downtown, many by transit, has been replaced by a more polycentric, but principally dispersed employment distribution that can be best served by car within the 30 minute commute time most people choose (See: 30-Minute Commute Access: Theoretical and Real).

“Where Growth Occurred

“The new data indicates an acceleration of suburban and exurban growth.

“Over the first seven years of the period. From 2000 to the middle year of 2017 (2015/2019 ACS) 92.3% of major metropolitan area growth was in the suburbs and exurbs, and 7.3%the urban core. In the 8th year (2016 to 2020), largely pre-pandemic except for the last few months, 101.3% of the population gain was in the suburbs and exurbs, while the share in the urban cores dropped 1.3% (Figure 1).”

To read the rest, All Major Metropolitan Area Growth Outside Urban Core: Latest Year | Newgeography.com

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Homeless Return

Sad story, for all concerned, from KCRA 3.

An excerpt.

“California’s Department of Transportation, or Caltrans, cleared out a homeless encampment in Sacramento six months ago that has since returned, and nearby residents and business owners say they are concerned for their safety.

“I’m very sympathetic to the issues going on in our homeless community here, but at this point, it’s a growing safety concern,” Dr. Jenny Apekian said.

“She owns Midtown Dental on the corner of 29th and G streets, right across from the line of tents where a growing number of unhoused people have been camping. Just over the last few months, she said rocks were thrown through business windows, damaging equipment inside. For Apekian and her employees, it’s come to them using a buddy system to go back to their vehicles.

“She said she is calling police about concerns ranging from vandalism to theft to drugs on a daily basis.

When Caltrans did a sweep of the area in October, Apekian said that she and other nearby business owners offered to pay for Caltrans to have the section of land between 29th Street and Business 80 fenced off.

“They have ignored our emails. They say it’s on the list, but there seems to be no urgency,” she said.

“Caltrans told KCRA that there is a plan for additional fencing, but they did not provide details on what that plan is or when it could happen. A spokesperson also said another cleanup will happen soon, but they did not say how soon.

“Caltrans provided the following statement:

“Caltrans continues to work with its partners, local law enforcement, CHP, and the City of Sacramento on scheduling encampment closures, cleaning sites and coordinating with local agencies and social service providers so they can connect people experiencing homelessness with essential services and available shelter. Caltrans has cleaned this area before, and individuals have returned and reestablished an encampment. The department continues to add exclusionary measures, like fencing, in the area and will continue working to address the ongoing issues. The department provides 72-hour notice prior to any encampment closure and connects people experiencing homelessness on the state’s right-of-way with service providers who can offer safer shelter options.”

“When people camping in the area were told to leave back in October, City Council Member Katie Valenzuela said she was frustrated to learn about it because the city did not yet have a safe place for them to go.

“The mayor is pushing as hard and fast as he can, working with city staff to get some of these 20 sites we’ve identified open as quickly as possible,” Valenzuela told KCRA 3 in October. “Some of them have been identified as tiny homes and that’s going to take a few months.”

“Since then, the city opened a safe ground site in February at Miller Park. It can temporarily house up to 110 people, and it already is typically full or nearly full.”

Sac homeless encampment back after it was cleared 6 months ago (kcra.com)

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